The construction of the Fatih mosque was commissioned by the Ottomans. It owes its nomenclature to the Ottoman ruler, Fatih Sultan Mehmed who captured Constantinople in 1453. The emperor gave orders for the construction of the mosque, which was completed in 1471.
The Fatih Mosque finds itself atop the ruins of the Church of the Apostles. This was where many of the emperors of the Byzantine era lie along with their subjects. The contemporary emperor Mehmet chose it to be his burial spot too. The conqueror holds the credit for bringing and maintaining the tenets of Islam in Istanbul. He is revered as one of the greatest of the Ottoman rulers to have been here.
The construction of the Fatih Mosque was done in such a manner that it facilitated social gatherings as well as religious functions. The mosque remained a centre of Islamic study and Islamic sciences remained the subjects of study here for a long time.
The local population is known to gather in the front courtyard for offering prayers and for social communion. The mosque had architectural nuances that facilitated Islamic study, there was a hospital, a public kitchen and a hamam or a bathroom. The original structure is known to have been damaged by the earthquake that struck the region in 1509.
Its subsequent repair was followed by more devastating earthquakes in 1557 and 1754, which caused further damage, which had to be repaired. The structure is known to have collapsed completely in the earthquake in 1766. Sultan Mustafa III is responsible for the construction of the mosque in 1771 as seen today.